Relics of pastoral architecture in Ustroń

Kategoria: Architecture

Kolyba on Mała Czantoria, Bakule glade, Ustroń, Silesian Beskids

Mała Czantoria is a peak in the Carpathian Mountains, of the Silesian Beskids, whose ridge is 866 m above sea level. The peak parts of this mountain contain vast glades, which were used in the farming industry. Currently, the herd subsidized by the Sheep + program is grazed here. In the first clearing, descending from the top of Wielka Czantoria, the Bakule clearing stretches. On its territory you can find the remains of a small size stock . This chamber served as a shelter in the open grazing space. Among tourists referred to as a hut, hut. It is an original wooden architecture object with timber-framed walls made of round logs, fish-tailed without remnants. No space filling between logs was used. The low entrance was located on the south side. The roof shape, like in the vast majority of such facilities, is a gable roof with a gable with timber gates. In the coming years, it is planned to restore the stock .

Zimarka Mała Czantoria, Cichula clearing, Ustroń, Silesian Beskids

Another facility located on the top of Mała Czantoria. Cichule Glade is located above the Bakule Glade. A large object of the former stone RSP fold is the so-called an armchair or winter coat , one of the few examples of this type of buildings. Sheep were closed here in late autumn and fed with hay, which was stored right at the farm. One and a half meters stone foundation was covered with a simple gable roof. The roof sheathing was made of boards, which over time were covered with roofing felt. The history of this facility is associated with the activities of the "Jelenica" Agricultural Production Cooperative founded before World War I. The object has been deserted since the Cooperative does not use the Small Czantoria areas.

Over 100-year-old sheepfold of Mr. Jan Śliwka, Pod Grapą, Polana, Ustroń, Silesian Beskids

The facility still serves as a shelter for sheep grazing nearby. The shed is made in a log construction. Logs finished at the so-called dovetail with small remnants. Wide-front building with centrally located entrance. Hay was stored on the first floor. A lump of salt was hung in front of the fold, which provides minerals with sheep and increases their appetite for grass. His son, Jan Śliwka, continues the long tradition of sheep. Sheep grazing on Mała Czantoria, which was owned by Jan Cieślar called "Jónek of Kympa", Jan Cieślar called "Kubalóna", Cichy and the largest gazda - Gentian from Rastok, with a dominant number of sheep. Among others, there were Adam Nogowczyk and Jan Bujok. It ran from Rastok to the shelter, grazing included forests, meadows and a field below in Rastoki. On the Great Czantoria, grazing was led by: Jerzy Śliwka, Jan Śliwka from Obora, and Śliwka łod Kubice. Jan Śliwka from Grapa had 5 ha, Andrzej Szlauer from Stokłosica - 10 ha, and Śliwka from Obłaźce - 15 ha. Hunter (A. Michałek)

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Współfinansowane przez Unię Europejską z Europejskiego Funduszu Rozwoju Regionalnego w ramach
Programu Współpracy Transgranicznej Interreg V-A Polska-Słowacja 2014-2020